1986: Graduated from the Economics Faculty of the M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
1991–1992: Chief specialist in the Directorate on Economic Reform of the Standing Committee of the USSR Scientific and Industrial Union Board, Moscow.
1992–1994: Chief specialist, consultant for the Directorate of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs on Economic Policy Issues.
1994–1994: Adviser at the Expert Institute of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs.
1994–1995: Deputy Head of the Economic Reform Department — Head of the Division for State Regulation of Economy of the Russian Federation Ministry of Economy.
1995–1996: Deputy Head of the Economic Reform Department of the Russian Federation Ministry of Economy.
1996–1997: Head of the Economic Reform Department of the Russian Federation Ministry of Economy, member of the Ministry’s Board.
1997–1998: Deputy Minister of Economy.
1998–1999: Deputy Chairperson of the Promtorgbank Board.
1999–1999: Executive Director of the Eurasian Ratings Service.
1999–2000: Vice President of the Centre for Strategic Research Foundation.
2000–2003: First Deputy Minister of Economic Development and Trade of the Russian Federation.
2003–2005: President of the Centre for Strategic Research Foundation.
2005–2007: Head of the Expert Council of the Organising Committee for Russia’s Presidency of the G-8 in 2006, Head of Research at the Centre for Strategic Research.
On September 24, 2007, appointed Minister of Economic Development and Trade of the Russian Federation.
From May 12, 2008: Minister of Economic Development of the Russian Federation.
May 2012—June 2013: Aide to the President of the Russian Federation.
From June 2013: Governor of the Bank of Russia.
Member of the Bank of Russia Board of Directors according to Article 15 of the Federal Law “On the Central Bank of the Russian Federation (Bank of Russia)”.
On the allocation of duties between the Bank of Russia Governor and Deputy Governors.